The United States Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights (OCR), mandates civil rights reviews for entities that receive federal funding through the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation. The ICCB is responsible for reviewing community colleges, on an annual basis, to determine compliance with the following standards and guidelines:
- Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (prohibiting race, color, and national origin discrimination)
- Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (prohibiting sex discrimination)
- Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (prohibiting disability discrimination)
- Title 11 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (prohibiting disability discrimination by public entities, including public schools, public colleges and universities, public vocational schools, and public libraries) whether or not they receive Federal financial assistance.
- Vocational Education Program Guidelines
To determine which colleges will receive an on-site review, the ICCB utilizes the following selection criteria, which have been approved by the Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights:
- enrollments by gender;
- enrollments by disability;
- enrollments by race; and
- prior review.
No community college will be reviewed more than once every five years.